KD Pharma GmbH has officially launched its new KD Active omega-3 concentrate following the 2014Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (JSSM) publication of study results evaluating the ‘Influence of Omega-3 (N3) Index on Performance and Wellbeing in Young Adults after Heavy Eccentric Exercise. The 90% total omega-3 concentrate was shown to be effective in alleviating Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness (DOMS). DOMS is different from acute soreness that occurs during an activity, rather it is the pain that usually develops 12-24 hours after heavy exercise.
The greatest soreness typically occurs between 24-72 hours after the exercise. DOMS is believed to be caused by microscopic damage to muscle fibres during activity. The 2014 JSSM study by Lembke et al., evaluated the associations between the tissue levels of omega-3, also known as the Omega-3 Index (N3 Index), on various clinical and quality of life outcomes in healthy young adults after heavy eccentric exercise.
The study participants were subdivided into two groups with one group receiving N3 dietary supplementation (2.7 g/day) for 30 days prior to performance of the heavy eccentric exercise and the remaining participant received a placebo supplement for the same 30 day period.
Subjects with a higher Omega-3 (N3) Index reported less pain related to DOMS following heavy exercise at 72 and 96 hours post-exercise. Reduced pain in the higher N3 Index Group may be due to an increased concentration of omega-3 fatty acids in the muscle cell walls, thus triggering a higher elasticity, flexibility and lower risk of physical damage to muscle tissue during exercise.
Serum levels of blood lactate were lower in subjects with a high N3 Index, CRP (C-reactive protein) was reduced at 24 hours and POMS (Profile of Mood States Questionnaire) scores were improved in high N3 Index subjects demonstrating the better perceived QOL (Quality of Life). No serious adverse events were reported, further supporting that omega-3 dietary supplementation is safe, bioavailable and may improve athletic performance and well-being in health young adults.
‘KD Active is a 90% total omega-3 fish oil concentrate, bringing the same 3 to 2 EPA:DHA ratio found in starting fish. The concentrate doesn’t, however, contain unhealthy ingredients such as cholesterol, saturated fats, mono-unsaturated fats and omega-6,’ says Nico Bonne, Director of Business Development for North America.
‘In today’s Western diets, the ratio of omega-6 to omega-3 fatty acids ranges from approximately 10:1 to 20:1 instead of the traditional range of 1:1 to 2:1. This unbalanced ratio promotes the pathogenesis of many diseases, including cardiovascular disease, cancer and inflammatory and autoimmune diseases, whereas increased levels of omega-3 PUFA (polyunsaturated fatty acids) reestablish the omega-6:omega-3 balance, exerting suppressive effects,’ he added.